Will of Samuel Cave

This is a transcription of the will of Samuel Cave of Prince George's County, MD. A few changes in spelling and capitalization have been made, and punctuation has been added to facilitate reading, but the grammar and syntax of the document are original.

Prince George's County Will Book Liber T page 488

In the name of God, Amen. I Samuel Cave of Prince George's County in the state of Maryland, being sick and weak of body, but of perfect mind, memory, and understanding, and being desirous of disposing of my worldly estate amongst my children, do it as follows. Item, I give and bequeath to my two daughters Susanna and Jane Cave, all my lands, with which I am now possessed, to be equally divided between them, their heirs or assigns, but in case of disagreement as to the mode of dividing the same, it is my wish that one or the other should sell her moiety to the other sister on such terms as they shall or may agree upon. Reserving to my beloved wife Elizabeth Cave her life in all my lands. But in case of the death of either of my said daughters before marriage or without issue, it is my will and desire that the other sister should have and hold the same to her and her heirs forever. I do not wish by this devise to leave any imputation of disobedience or disregard on my beloved daughter Mary Thomas, who has ever been an affectionate and dutiful child, but as it hath pleased God to place her by marriage with Mr. Caleb Thomas, in an easy and comfortable way of living and having heretofore made some provisions for her and her children, hope, that, with what I shall hereafter give and bequeath to her and her children will be taken and received as equivalent for her share of all the lands I now possess; which in fact is of little value, but may serve as a home to my two single and helpless daughters. Item, I give and bequeath to my daughter Mary Thomas aforesaid, a Negro fellow called Will, in lieu of the one heretofore given her which she lost by lightening, also the weaving loom now in her possession. Item, I give and bequeath to my grand daughter Elizabeth Thomas, one Negro boy named John to her and her heirs forever. Item, I give and bequeath to my grand daughter Suckey Thomas, one Negro girl called Clariea (and her increase) to her and her heirs forever. Item, I give and bequeath to my daughter Susanna Cave, one Negro man called Ned, one Negro wench (with her increase) called Wineford, and one Negro girl (with her increase) called Nancy, and also one Negro boy called Charles, with one feather bed and furniture, two cows and calves, two ewes and lambs, and the loom in my dwelling house to her and her heirs. Item, I give and bequeath to my daughter Jane Cave one Negro woman (with her increase) called Nell, one Negro boy called Ben, one Negro boy called Tom, one Negro boy called Frank, and one Negro girl (with her increase) called Lucey, with one feather bed and furniture, two cows and calves, two ewes and lambs, and one desk in my dwelling house to her and her heirs. Item, I give and bequeath Negro Sen to my three daughters Mary, Susanna, and Jane to be valued by two neighbors, and the child that will pay two-thirds of the amount of such valuation to her other two sisters, to be entitled to Negro Sen, and in that case, I give and bequeath him accordingly; but in case of disagreement, it is my will and desire that Negro Sen be sold to the highest bidder, and the money arising from such sale to be equally divided amongst my three daughters aforesaid. Item, It is my positive will and pleasure that my beloved wife Elizabeth Cave shall retain, have, hold, occupy, possess and enjoy all the property heretofore bequeathed, except Negro Will given to my daughter Mary Thomas, for and during her natural life, or until she shall think proper to give the same up to the children having the reversion in it. And I give and bequeath to my beloved wife all the residue of my estate, of whatever kind or nature it may be, including my debts, for and during her natural life, as a means of support for herself and my daughters, while single, or until she shall see fit to make a dividend amongst them, of such residue, which is hereby declared to be for my three daughters, or such of them as may be living at that time. And lastly, it is my will and desire that my loving wife should (without administration had on my estate) receive all debts due me and pay all debts due from me out of my estate, without being accountable or made answerable for the same, to any of my children in as full and ample manner as if all the requisites of law as to administration had been previously complied with by her. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this 18th June in the year seventeen hundred and ninety-four.

Signed, Sealed, published, and declared by the testator Samuel Cave as his last will and testament in presence of us who at his request subscribed our names as witnesses the day and year aforesaid.                 Saml Cave {seal}

Rin.do Johnson
James Wharfe
Wm. Johnson

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