|The villanelle is a French adaptation of the Italian "country song." It contains 19 lines: five tercets and one quatrain. It is usually written in iambic tetrameter or pentameter, but iambs and trochees are sometimes combined. The rhyme scheme is A1bA2 abA1 abA2 abA1 abA2 abA1A2, where A1 and A2 are repeated refrains.
The villanelle repeats two lines;
Throughout the verse the pattern twines
It's plain to see the verse confines...
Along the way, the twisting vines
A quatrain at the end aligns,
These "rustic songs" are like fine wines;
The cry of "Io!" resounds in Rome.
The time has passed for tilling loam,
Adorn the hall with fir and holm.
Beyond the door the slaves won't roam
Receive a gift of polished pome,
Catullus claimed in his great tome
A taxing form of poetry, for sure!
Iambic meter (units five or four)
Refrains and rhymes and oddities galore,
A quatrain last, and tercets five before
You tend to get attracted more and more,
And never can this venture be a bore!