Sonnets

The sonnet is a poetic form of 14 lines written in iambic pentameter. The form typically consists of an octave and a sestet embodying the statement and the resolution of a single theme. It usually takes one of two general forms: Italian (Petrarchan) or English (Shakespearean). In the Italian sonnet, the rhyme scheme is abba abba cdecde. In the English sonnet, the rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef gg.

A Saturnalian Sonnet

   Before the reign of Saturn's Golden Age,
   Before the vine was grown, or fields were tilled,
   The lives of men were harsh and filled with rage;
   At agriculture, they remained unskilled.
   The welcome Janus gave to Saturn brought
   A welcome change to every Roman's life.
   With one another they no longer fought;
   Prosperity replaced their constant strife.
   Then Saturn disappeared from earthly view,
   His work in Latium completely done.
   The Golden Age of Saturn we renew
   With shouts of Io! from each and everyone.
   December's here; the time has come for sure.
   In Latin: Gaudeamus igitur !

Classical Sonnets

example 1
example 2


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