January, the "month of Janus" (mensis Ianuarius), is named for the god of gates. He is depicted with two heads (Janus Bifrons) because every door looks two ways. As the porter of heaven, he also bore the surnames Patulcius (the "opener") and Clusivius (the "shutter"). He presided over the beginning of everything. He opened the year and the seasons, and hence the first month of the year is named after him.

Kalendae Ianuariae

Janus Patulcius,
God of beginnings and
Also of gates,
Figures in calendars,
Foremost in naming the
Months in our dates.

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