Juno

JUNE

Juno, goddess for whom the month of June was named, presided over many aspects of Roman life and thus was known by many epithets, for example Juno Jugalia. She was honored as Juno Moneta (June 1) with a festival that recalls the alarm raised in her sanctuary by squawking geese during the Gallic invasion in 390 BC.

Her temple on the Capitoline hill either contained the mint or was adjacent to it.

One would think that the month named for Juno would contain her major festivals, but they are scattered throughout the year: Juno Sospita (February 1), Juno Februa (February 2), Juno Lucina (March 1), Junoalia (March 7), Juno Caprotina (July 7), Juno Regina (September 1), Juno of the Capitoline Triad (September 13), Juno Sororia (October 1), Juno Curitis (October 7), and Juno Moneta (October 10) again.

The Ludi Piscatorii (June 7) were games held in honor of Tiberinus and celebrated by fishermen. Vesta makes an appearance at the Vestalia (June 9), Mater Matuta at the Matralia (June 11), Minerva during the Lesser Quinquatrus (June 13-15), Fors Fortuna at her festival (June 24), and the di inferi, gods of the underworld, are honored every five years with the Taurian Games (June 25).

Here is some additional information about Juno Moneta in particular.

  • An entry in Platner's Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome  for Juno Moneta gives a brief history of the temple site and alternate ideas about the origin of the name.
  • A brief article explains that Juno inherited her name, the dove, peacock, cowrie, and her bolt-hurling warrior aspect from the Etruscan goddess named Uni.
  • An illustrated article by David R. Sear describes Eight Hundred Years of Roman Coinage  and displays representative examples.
  • A calendar for The Roman Month of Iunius shows various festivals and other notable dates, like the Matralia (June 11) and the death of Vespasian (June 23).


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