Babylon, capital of ancient Babylonia, was destroyed by Sennacherib of Assyria in 690 BC and rebuilt a century later by Nebuchadnezzar II. In his book Travel in the Ancient World, Lionel Casson quotes Herodotus who described the city as a vast complex that was "... square in shape, with each side 14 miles long, a total of 56 miles. Babylon is not only of enormous size; it has a splendor such as no other city of all we have seen..." It has become a synonym for a place of great luxury and decadence.

Moving Heaven and Earth

Gardens of Babylon
Hung from tall terraces
Built overhead;
Urged by his Persian wife,
Strove to create all the
Mountains she'd pled.

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