||The Exedra of Senex Caecilius
The exedra is a large, elegant room located off the peristyle garden. It is used for formal entertainments and lavish dinner parties.
In the original Greek sense, it was a seat outdoors, but it was also applied to a room that opened onto a stoa, ringed with curved, high-backed stone benches, a suitable place for a philosophical conversation. Among the Romans, the word had a wider meaning. It was not only used to signify a chamber for ordinary resort and conversation in a private house, or in the public baths and gymnasia open to the sun and air, but the word was even applied to the hall attached to the theatre of Pompey, which was used as a place of meeting by the senate.
The walls here are decorated with scenes in Fourth Style fresco.
For additional information about decorating styles, you can consult these references:
- A short entry in Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities elaborates the Latin usage of the term exedra for a variety of spaces.
- A Digital Archive of Architecture contains a variety of examples of the Greek orders: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
- A short, illustrated description of Roman fresco decoration gives an elaboration of its four basic styles: Incrustation, Architectural, Egyptianizing, and Illusionistic.
- A workshop about Fresco History and Technique contains an illustrated "how-to" description of the process of painting on wet plaster.
- An annotated collection of images at Great Buildings Online includes a section on ancient Roman architecture.
- A collection of items illustrating Roman decorative arts at The Detroit Institute of Arts includes wall paintings, mosaics, glassware, and jewelry.
- An illustrated article about Roman painting features frescoes from Campania and includes an excellent picture gallery and timelines of art history.
Some of the preceding information comes from Daily Life in Ancient Rome, written by Jérôme Carcopino and published in1968 by the Yale University Press (New Haven).
Ianua | Fauces | Atrium
| Library | Tablinum | Kitchen | Triclinium | Lavatory | Cubiculum
Taberna | Viridarium | Museum | Mausoleum | Tabularium | Odeum | Scriptorium | Tropaeum