Byre
The Byre of Senex Caecilius

Looking at archaeological evidence, it is hard to distinguish a cattle byre from a stable or any other enclosure. The Romans seem to have made a distinction because the Latin reflects differences among sheepfold (ovile), pigsty (hara), chicken coop (cavea), dovecote (columbarium), and a pen (saeptum) in general.

A team of oxen, a milk cow, two mules, a horse, three little pigs, and a small flock of sheep comprise my livestock. We also keep chickens and pigeons. Two cats, a dog, and a couple of beehives complete our menagerie.


Can you match these domestic animals (bestiae) with their Latin names and the sounds that they make? You can check your answers by placing your cursor here.

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII
IX
X
cat
dog
donkey
goose
hen
horse
ox
pig
rooster
sheep
a. anser
b. asinus
c. bos
d. canis
e. equus
f. feles
g. gallina
h. gallus
i. ovis
j. sus
 1. balat
 2. canit
 3. glocit
 4. grunnit
 5. hinnit
 6. latrat
 7. mugit
 8. murmurat
 9. rudit
10. stridet


Some of the preceding information comes from Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome, written by Lesley Adkins and Roy A. Adkins and published in1994 by The Oxford University Press (New York).

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