The Regia was originally the residence of the kings of Rome, and later the office of the pontifex maximus, the high priest of Roman religion. It occupied a triangular area between the Temple of Vesta, the Temple of Divus Julius, and Temple of Antoninus and Faustina in the Forum Romanum. According to ancient tradition it was built by the second king of Rome, Numa Pompilius. In historical times, however, the Regia was not the actual residence of the pontifex maximus, but merely his office. He was responsible for the administration of the rather complex Roman calendar, and all the necessary documents and archives were kept in the Regia, including historical records of political and religious nature. The calendar was published on the walls of the Regia.

Royal Residence

Higgledy-Piggledy
Numa Pompilius
Gave the chief pontifex
Room for his work;
Known as the Regia,
Archives-cum-residence
Housed Roman annals and
Nook for the clerk.


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