The Roman poet Marcus Valerius Martialis, otherwise known as Martial, wrote a number of epigrams to depict scenes of contemporary Rome. These were short, satirical verses with a witty or paradoxical ending.

Martial on Aelia

Snaggle-toothed Aelia,
Subject to coughing as
Martial observed,
Lost her four teeth and was
Skewered and counseled to
Cough unperturbed.

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